International Journal of Multidisciplinary Educational Research and Innovation

You are free to:

Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format

Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.

The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

Under the following terms:

Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.


You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.

No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.


The author(s) hereby transfer the copyright of their article to Saint Joseph College (SJC), the publisher of the International Journal of Multidisciplinary Educational Research and Innovation (IJMERI). This transfer encompasses the rights to reproduce, distribute, publish, and archive the article in various forms, including reprints, translations, electronic formats (both offline and online), and other similar reproductions.

The author(s) affirm that the contribution is their original research and has not been previously published or submitted elsewhere concurrently. They retain the right to use the article for non-commercial purposes and allow its deposition in their own website or chosen repository without delay.

It is understood that the opinions and ideas expressed in the article are solely those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the publisher. The publisher is not liable for any legal issues, damages, copyright disputes, plagiarism, or other errors arising from the publication.

The author(s) also grant permission to the publisher for reusing images, figures, and illustrations with artistic value that they hold the copyrights to. They confirm obtaining written consent and paying associated costs for any third-party literary or illustrative works used, with proper credit given.

By signing this Copyright Transfer Agreement, the author(s) authorize the Editorial Board of IJMERI to publish the article in Saint Joseph College and agree to the terms outlined above.